Grand opening of XXXІI International Music Festival "Virtuosi". Gala Verdi
(May 14 - June 9, 2013)
International Music Festival "Virtuosi" became indispensable attribute of the city in May - visit card the city, a real holiday high musical art. This year's Festival "Virtuosi" could not avoid prominent date - the 200th anniversary of the birth of Italian composer and conductor Giuseppe Verdi, whose birthday falls in October this year. At the opening of the festival will be presented to a program composed of operatic overtures, arias, duets.
The price of the tickets: 40, 60, 80, 100, 120 hrn.
Tickets are sold at the box office Philharmonic daily: 11.00-19.00 (235-89-46)
Program To Include:
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi (Italian: [d͡ʒuˈzɛppe ˈverdi]; 10 October 1813 – 27 January 1901) was an Italian Romantic composer, mainly of opera. Some of his themes have long since taken root in popular culture – such as "La donna è mobile" from Rigoletto, "Va, pensiero" (The Chorus of the Hebrew Slaves) from Nabucco, "Libiamo ne' lieti calici" (The Drinking Song) from La traviata and the "Grand March" from Aida.
When he was still a child, Verdi's parents moved from Le Roncole to Busseto, where the future composer's education was greatly facilitated by visits to the large library belonging to the local Jesuit school. Also in Busseto, Verdi was given his first lessons in composition.Verdi was born the son of Carlo Giuseppe Verdi and Luigia Uttini in Le Roncole, a village nearBusseto, then in the Département Taro which was a part of the First French Empire after the annexation of the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza. The baptismal register, on 11 October lists him as being "born yesterday", but since days were often considered to begin at sunset, this could have meant either 9 or 10 October. The next day, he was baptized in the Roman Catholic Church in Latin as Josef Fortuninus Franciscus. The day after that (Tuesday), Verdi's father took his newborn the three miles to Busseto, where the baby was recorded as Josef Fortuninus Franciscus; the clerk wrote in French. "So it happened that for the civil and temporal world Verdi was born a Frenchman."
Verdi went to Milan when he was twenty to continue his studies. He took private lessons incounterpoint while attending operatic performances, as well as concerts of, specifically, German music. Milan's beaumonde association convinced him that he should pursue a career as a theatre composer. During the mid-1830s, he attended the Salotto Maffei salons in Milan, hosted by Clara Maffei.
Returning to Busseto, he became the town music master and, with the support of Antonio Barezzi, a local merchant and music lover who had long supported Verdi's musical ambitions in Milan, Verdi gave his first public performance at Barezzi's home in 1830.
Because he loved Verdi's music, Barezzi invited Verdi to be his daughter Margherita's music teacher, and the two soon fell deeply in love. They were married on 4 May 1836 and Margherita gave birth to two children, Virginia Maria Luigia (26 March 1837 – 12 August 1838) and Icilio Romano (11 July 1838 – 22 October 1839). Both died in infancy while Verdi was working on his first opera and, shortly afterwards, Margherita died of encephalitis on 18 June 1840, aged only 26.Verdi adored his wife and children, and he was devastated by their deaths.
It was while he was working on his second opera, Un giorno di regno, that Verdi's wife died. The opera, given in September 1840, was a flop and he fell into despair and vowed to give up musical composition forever. However, Merelli persuaded him to write Nabucco and its opening performance in March 1842 made Verdi famous. Legend (and Verdi's own "An Autobiographical Sketch" of 1879) has it that it was the words of the famous "Va, pensiero" chorus of the Hebrew slaves that inspired him to write music again. A large number of operas – 14 in all – and a period of hard work followed in the decade after 1843, a period which Verdi was to describe as his "galley years". These included his I Lombardi in 1843, and Ernani in 1844. For some, the most original and important opera that Verdi wrote is Macbeth in 1847. For the first time, Verdi attempted an opera without a love story, breaking a basic convention in 19th century Italian opera.The production by Milan's La Scala of his first opera, Oberto in November 1839 achieved a degree of success, after which Bartolomeo Merelli, La Scala's impresario, offered Verdi a contract for three more works.
In 1847, I Lombardi, which was revised and renamed Jérusalem, was produced by the Paris Opera. Due to a number of Parisian conventions that had to be honored (including extensive ballets), it became Verdi's first work in the French Grand opera style.
As the "galley years" were drawing to a close, Verdi created one of his greatest masterpieces, Rigoletto, which premiered in Venice in 1851. Based on a play by Victor Hugo (Le roi s'amuse), the libretto had to undergo substantial revisions in order to satisfy the epoch's censorship, and the composer was on the verge of giving it all up a number of times. The opera quickly became a great success.Sometime in the mid-1840s, after the death of Margherita Barezzi, Verdi began an affair with Giuseppina Strepponi, a soprano in the twilight of her career.Their cohabitation before marriage was regarded as scandalous in some of the places they lived, but Verdi and Giuseppina married on 29 August 1859 at Collonges-sous-Salève, in the Kingdom of Piemonte, near Geneva. While living in Busseto with Strepponi, Verdi bought an estate two miles from the town in 1848. Initially, his parents lived there, but, after his mother's death in 1851, he made the Villa Verdi at Sant'Agata in Villanova sull'Arda his home until his death.
With Rigoletto, Verdi sets up his original idea of musical drama as a cocktail of heterogeneous elements, embodying social and cultural complexity, and beginning from a distinctive mixture of comedy and tragedy. Rigoletto's musical range includes band-music such as the first scene or the aria "La donna è mobile", Italian melody such as the famous quartet "Bella figlia dell'amore", chamber music such as the duet between Rigoletto and Sparafucile and powerful and concise declamatos often based on key-notes like the C and C# notes in Rigoletto and Monterone's upper register.
There followed the second and third of the three major operas of Verdi's "middle period": in 1853 Il trovatore was produced in Rome andLa traviata in Venice. The latter was based on Alexandre Dumas, fils' play The Lady of the Camellias, and became the most popular of all Verdi's operas, placing first in the Operabase list of most performed operas worldwide.
Between 1855 and 1867, an outpouring of great Verdi operas followed, among them such repertory staples as Un ballo in maschera (1859), La forza del destino (commissioned by the Imperial Theatre of Saint Petersburg for 1861 but not performed until 1862), and a revised version of Macbeth (1865). Other somewhat less often performed include Les vêpres siciliennes (1855) and Don Carlos (1867), both commissioned by the Paris Opera and initially given in French. Today, these latter two operas are most often performed in Italian translation. Simon Boccanegra followed in 1857.
Verdi's grand opera, Aida, is sometimes thought to have been commissioned for the celebration of the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, but, according to one major critic, Verdi turned down the Khedive's invitation to write an "ode" for the new opera house he was planning to inaugurate as part of the canal opening festivities. The opera house actually opened with a production of Rigoletto. Later in 1869/70, the organizers again approached Verdi (this time with the idea of writing an opera), but he again turned them down. When they warned him that they would ask Charles Gounod instead and then threatened to engage Richard Wagner's services, Verdi began to show considerable interest, and agreements were signed in June 1870.In 1869, Verdi was asked to compose a section for a requiem mass in memory ofGioachino Rossini and proposed that this requiem should be a collection of sections composed by other Italian contemporaries of Rossini. The requiem was compiled and completed, but it was cancelled at the last minute (and was not performed in Verdi's lifetime). Verdi blamed this on the lack of enthusiasm for the project by the intended conductor, Angelo Mariani, who had been a longtime friend of his. The episode led to a permanent break in their personal relations. The soprano Teresa Stolz (who later had a strong professional – and, perhaps, romantic – relationship with Verdi) was at that time engaged to be married to Mariani, but she left him not long after. Five years later, Verdi reworked his "Libera Me" section of the Rossini Requiem and made it a part of his Requiem Mass, honoring the famous novelist and poet Alessandro Manzoni, who had died in 1873. The complete Requiem was first performed at the cathedral in Milan on 22 May 1874.
Teresa Stolz was associated with both Aida and the Requiem (as well as a number of other Verdi roles). The role of Aida was written for her, and although she did not appear in the world premiere in Cairo in 1871, she created Aida in the European premiere in Milan in February 1872. She was also the soprano soloist in the first and many later performances of the Requiem. It was widely believed that she and Verdi had an affair after she left Angelo Mariani, and a Florence newspaper criticised them for this in five strongly worded articles. Whether there is any truth to the accusation may never be known with any certainty. However, after Giuseppina Strepponi's death, Teresa Stolz became a close companion of Verdi until his own death.
Verdi and Wagner, who were the leaders of their respective schools of music, seemed to resent each other greatly. They never met. Verdi's comments on Wagner and his music are few and hardly benevolent ("He invariably chooses, unnecessarily, the untrodden path, attempting to fly where a rational person would walk with better results"), but at least one of them is kind: upon learning of Wagner's death, Verdi lamented, "Sad, sad, sad! ... a name that will leave a most powerful impression on the history of art." Of Wagner's comments on Verdi, only one is well-known. After listening to Verdi's Requiem, the German, prolific and eloquent in his comments on some other composers, stated, "It would be best not to say anything."
During the following years, Verdi worked on revising some of his earlier scores, most notably new versions of Don Carlos, La forza del destino, and Simon Boccanegra.
Otello, based on William Shakespeare's play, with a libretto written by the younger composer of Mefistofele, Arrigo Boito, premiered in Milan in 1887. Its music is "continuous" and cannot easily be divided into separate "numbers" to be performed in concert. Some feel that although masterfully orchestrated, it lacks the melodic lustre so characteristic of Verdi's earlier, great, operas, while many critics consider it Verdi's greatest tragic opera, containing some of his most beautiful, expressive music and some of his richest characterizations. In addition, it lacks a prelude, something Verdi listeners are not accustomed to. Arturo Toscanini performed as cellist in the orchestra at the world premiere and began his association with Verdi (a composer he revered as highly as Beethoven).
In 1894, Verdi composed a short ballet for a French production of Otello, his last purely orchestral composition. Years later, Arturo Toscanini recorded the music for RCA Victor with the NBC Symphony Orchestra which complements the 1947 Toscanini performance of the complete opera.Verdi's last opera, Falstaff, whose libretto was also by Boito, was based on Shakespeare's Merry Wives of Windsor and Henry IV, Part 1 via Victor Hugo's subsequent translation. It was an international success and is one of the supreme comic operas which shows Verdi's genius as acontrapuntist.
In 1897, Verdi completed his last composition, a setting of the traditional Latin text Stabat Mater. This was the last of four sacred works that Verdi composed, Quattro Pezzi Sacri, which can be performed together or separately. They were not conceived as a unit and, in fact, Verdi did not want the Ave Maria published as he considered it an exercise. The first performance of the four works was on 7 April 1898, at the Opéra, Paris. The four works are: Ave Maria for mixed chorus; Stabat Materfor mixed chorus and orchestra; Laudi alla Vergine Maria for female chorus; and Te Deum for double chorus and orchestra.
On 29 July 1900, King Umberto I of Italy was assassinated, a deed that horrified the aged composer.
While staying at the Grand Hotel et de Milan in Milan, Verdi suffered a stroke on 21 January 1901. He gradually grew more feeble and died nearly a week later, on 27 January. Arturo Toscanini conducted the vast forces of combined orchestras and choirs composed of musicians from throughout Italy at Verdi's funeral service in Milan. To date, it remains the largest public assembly of any event in the history of Italy.
Verdi was initially buried in Milan's Cimitero Monumentale. A month later, his body was moved to the "crypt" of the Casa di Riposo per Musicisti, a rest home for retired musicians that Verdi had recently established. In October 1894, the French government awarded him the Grand-Croix de la Legion d'honneur. He was the first non-French musician to receive the Grand-Croix.
He was an agnostic. Toscanini, in a taped interview, described him as "an atheist", but "agnostic" is probably the most accurate description. His second wife, Giuseppina Strepponi, described him as "a man of little faith"
On the other hand, during rehearsals, workmen in the theater stopped what they were doing during "Va, pensiero" and applauded at the conclusion of this haunting melody while the growth of the "identification of Verdi's music with Italian nationalist politics" is judged to have begun in the summer 1846 in relation to a chorus from Ernani in which the name of one of its characters, "Carlo", was changed to "Pio", a reference to Pope Pius IX's grant of an amnesty to political prisoners. Music historians have long perpetuated a myth about the famous "Va, pensiero" chorus sung in the third act of Nabucco. The myth claims that, when the "Va, pensiero" chorus was sung in Milan, then belonging to the large part of Italy under Austrian domination, the audience, responding with nationalistic fervor to the exiled slaves' lament for their lost homeland, demanded an encore of the piece. As encores were expressly forbidden by the government at the time, such a gesture would have been extremely significant. However, recent scholarship puts this to rest. Although the audience did indeed demand an encore, it was not for "Va, pensiero" but rather for the hymn Immenso Jehova,sung by the Hebrew slaves to thank God for saving His people. In light of these new revelations, Verdi's position as the musical figurehead of the Risorgimento has been correspondingly downplayed. Claudio, Verdi, Milan: Rusconi, 1982. It is interesting to note in this context that all but seven (his last operas) were created by Verdi whilst Milan, the capital of Lombardo Veneto, was an integral part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. According to Roger Parker "Il vate del Risorgimento : Nabucco e il Va Pensiero".
After Italy was unified in 1861, many of Verdi's early operas were re-interpreted as Risorgimento works with hidden Revolutionary messages that probably had not been intended by either the composer or librettist. Beginning in Naples in 1859 and spreading throughout Italy, the slogan "Viva VERDI" was used as an acronym for Viva Vittorio Emanuele Re D'Italia (Viva Victor Emmanuel King of Italy), referring to Victor Emmanuel II, then king of Sardinia.
The "Chorus of the Hebrews" (the English title for "Va, pensiero") has another appearance in Verdi folklore. Prior to Verdi's body's being driven from the cemetery to the official memorial service and its final resting place at the Casa di Riposo per Musicisti, Arturo Toscaniniconducted a chorus of 820 singers in "Va, pensiero". At the Casa, the "Miserere" from Il trovatore was sung.
Verdi was elected as a member of the Chamber of Deputies in 1861 following a request of Prime Minister Cavour but in 1865 he resigned from the office. In 1874 he was named Senator of the Kingdom by King Victor Emmanuel II.
Throughout his career, Verdi rarely utilized the high C in his tenor arias, citing the fact that the opportunity to sing that particular note in front of an audience distracts the performer before and after the note appears. However, he did provide high Cs to Duprez in Jérusalem and to Tamberlick in the original version of La forza del destino. The high C, often-heard in the aria "Di quella pira" from Il trovatore, does not appear in Verdi's score.Verdi's predecessors who influenced his music were Rossini, Bellini, Giacomo Meyerbeer and, most notably, Gaetano Donizetti and Saverio Mercadante. With the exception of Otello and Aida, it is said that he was free of Wagner's influence. However, many see his monumental work, Don Carlo, as a response to Wagner's typical epics that often spanned over four hours. Although respectful of Gounod, Verdi was careful not to learn anything from the Frenchman whom many of Verdi's contemporaries regarded as the greatest living composer. Some strains in Aida suggest at least a superficial familiarity with the works of the Russian composer Mikhail Glinka, whom Franz Liszt, after his tour of the Russian Empire as a pianist, popularized in Western Europe.
Some critics maintain he paid insufficient attention to the technical aspect of composition, lacking as he did schooling and refinement. Verdi himself once said, "Of all composers, past and present, I am the least learned." He hastened to add, however, "I mean that in all seriousness, and by learning I do not mean knowledge of music."
Verdi was one of the first composers who insisted on patiently seeking out plots to suit his particular talents. Working closely with his librettists and well aware that dramatic expression was his forte, he made certain that the initial work upon which the libretto was based was stripped of all "unnecessary" detail and "superfluous" participants, and only characters brimming with passion and scenes rich in drama remained.However, it would be incorrect to assume that Verdi underestimated the expressive power of the orchestra or failed to use it to its full capacity where necessary. Moreover, orchestral and contrapuntal innovation is characteristic of his style: for instance, the strings producing a rapid ascending scale in Monterone's scene in Rigoletto accentuate the drama, and, in the same opera, the chorus humming six closely grouped notes backstage portrays, very effectively, the brief ominous wails of the approaching tempest. Verdi's innovations are so distinctive that other composers do not use them; they remain, to this day, some of Verdi's signatures.
Many of his operas, especially the later ones from 1851 onwards, are a staple of the standard repertoire. With the possible exception of Giacomo Puccini, no composer of Italian opera has managed to match Verdi's popularity.
Sofia Soloviy, soprano
Sofia Solovyi was born in the Ukraine, she finished her studies at the Music academy in
Vasyl Sadovskyi, tenor
2008 - Graduated solo singing department of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University(professor M.P.Stefaniuk);
From 2008-09 years - Senior lecturer of singing department and postgraduate student of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University
The winner of the All-Ukrainian Ira Malanyuk competition of young singers (2007, Ivano-Frankivsk);
The winner of the International Festival of Classical Music «Mozartini» (2008, Italy);
Since 2010 - Soloist of Lviv National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet after Solomiya Krushelnytska
Singer works in opera and concert and chamber genres.
Collaborating with such orchestras as: the National Orchestra of Folk Instruments of Ukraine (conductor - National Artist of Ukraine Hutsal V.O.) Symphony Orchestra of Lviv National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet after Solomiya Krushelnytska; Symphony Orchestra INSO - Lviv, Academic Chamber Orchestra "Lviv Virtuosos", Chamber Orchestra of Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University(conductor - Nicu Mitsney), Chernigov Philharmonic Orchestra (conductor - Honored Artist of Ukraine Sukach M.V.).
Singer has toured in Poland, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Austria, and Russia.
Aidar Torybayev, conductor
Artistic director and Chief conductor of Academic symphonic orchestra of Lviv philharmonic society.
In the end of 1980-th worked as a Chief choir conductor in Kazakh state radio and television and Kazakh state academic theatre opera and ballet.
In 1990-1996 – conductor of Kyiv chamber orchestra of national philharmonic society of
Since 1998 – Professor of conducting
2005 – chief conductor of
Performed with a concerts as a conductor in
Performed as a conductor with famous musicians - Naum Shtarkmann, Natalia Hutman, Aleksandr Kniaziev, Bohodar Kotorovych, Aleksandr Liubimov, Eric Kurmanhaliev, Eliso Virsaladze.
Since 2007 chief conductor of symphonic orchestra in Lviv philharmonic society.
Popular operas ouvertures, arias and duets by G. Verdi
German quartet Kuss presents works by Viennese classics Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven, as well as English composer of the twentieth century - Harrison Birtwistle.
Joseph Haydn’s String Quartet, which will be performed at the concert, was created under the influence of popular in the second half of the XVIIIth century chamber music genres, to which belong Divertimento and Serenade. The composer wrote 4 parts of this work and established their compositional sequence.
This evening you will also be able to enjoy Beethoven’s String Quartet No. 13 that consists of six parts. The piece combines two different melodic patterns – one is inspired by energetic Hungarian and Croatian melodies, the other is light and pastoral, composer skillfully interweaves German folk song into his music. In the final Allegro Beethoven describes the image of the common people. Interesting is the fact that there are two versions of the final quartet, one of which is a monumental fugue («Grosse Fuge» B-flat major), its performance you will hear this evening.
Tickets are sold at the box office Philharmonic daily: 11.00-19.00 (235-89-46)
Opening of the Festival: Evening of chamber operas (in memoriam Vitaliy Hubarenko and Ihor Kushpler)
This year on June 13 an outstanding composer of our time Vitaliy Hubarenko, the master of Ukrainian musical theater of twentieth century, the author of 13 operas, 8 ballets and 3 symphonies, could have celebrated his 80th birthday. The mono-opera (monodrama) Love Letters (1971), based on Henri Barbusse novel Tenderness, which will be performed at the Contrasts, has become, without exaggeration, the most popular work by this composer and has been performed not only in Ukraine, but also all over the world. Despite its undisputed success, for over ten years mono-opera has not been played in Lviv.
The history of Gian Carlo Menotti’s (1911-2007) chamber opera The Telephone is no less interesting. Its author, an American composer of Italian origin, during his long creative career wrote 26 operas, twice was awarded the Pulitzer Prize and a number of other awards. The Telephone (1947) is, in fact, a love story, comic and lyrical at the same time, it remains topical nowadays, showing small and big problems of its protagonists in urban society.
The concert program includes works by Bronisław Kazimierz Przybylski, Polish composer and music teacher, and a composition of two Armenian composers - Alexander Arutiunian and Arno Babajanian. The music for percussion and piano was written by German vibraphonist Nils Rohwer and Jens Schliecker. Also you will be able to enjoy Jerzy Bauer’s music.
One of the most famous works that will be performed at the concert is Paganini Variations by Witold Lutosławski, adaptation by M. Ptaszyńska.
This is an original interpretation of the piece, written by virtuoso violinist, which has traveled around the world and proved to be incredibly popular among the audience. Also will be performed Rhapsodie Espagnole by French composer Maurice Ravel, adaptation by P. Sadlo. Music of this composition is fascinating. Rhapsodie consists of several parts -- Prélude À La Nuit which is the 1st one and describes a night landscape and the beauty of Spain. Then is Malagueña -- both song and dance of love, which is one of the most common in Andalusia. Poetic Habanera is timidly nostalgic. The final part Feria describes the very essence of folk festivities.
The program of this concert successfully combines classical and modern music. There is no surprise that Chopin's Piano Concerto No.1 will open this musical evening, as Dina Joffe, winner of the second prize in the 9th Chopin Piano Competition (1975), performed this piece on the Lviv stage almost four decades ago.
Richard Strauss's String Sextet reminds us about another jubilee, the 150th anniversary of the composer's birth. This composition is the introduction to his latest masterpiece, a one-act opera Capriccio. Composer Flamand, one of the opera protagonists, performing this music, wants to win the heart of the Countess Madeleine. This piece is one of those works by Strauss that immortalized his name as a talented composer of sophisticated and chimeric music.
Then will be performed piece by a young contemporary of Strauss, Alexander von Zemlinsky, that is here as a bridge that links classical and music of the twentieth century. The creative works of this Viennese composer, who is unjustly forgotten in the shadow of classical and avant-garde musicians (by the way, Zemlinsky's sister was Arnold Schoenberg's wife), only recently have returned to the listeners, surprising by their Secession colours. Serenade, inspired by the first successes of a young composer, was originally written for violin and piano.
And finally, the last piece, Concerto Grosso by Alfred Schnittke (who this year would have turned 80 years old) is almost unknown to the Lviv audience, unlike his Concertos No.1 or 3. Concerto Grosso was written in 1993 for the famous Russian musical family Rozhdestvensky.
Music Festival "Contrasts" provides you great opportunity to enjoy Meeting Friends and good music.
Libra for soprano saxophone by Swedish composer Marcus Willén opens Lviv program of "Nordic Saxophone". The name of the piece is inspired by the seventh sign of the zodiac (Libra) and is expressed in the composition from the dramatic beginning to the stagnation. The piece is devoted to the Nordic Saxophone Quartet soloist Johannes Thorell. Nordic Saxophone Quartet also commissioned Norwegian composer Bjørn Bolstad Skjelbred (born in 1970) to write a play "Together". The main idea of the work is the contrast between collectivism and individualism, unreconcilement and compromise, dialogue and monologue.
Quartet for saxophones by Ukrainian composer Karmella Tsepkolenko consists of five short parts that are united by a single movement that is interrupted only by a solo cadence.
Siren, written by Marie Samuelsson, Swedish composer, vice-president of the Royal Academy of Music in Stockholm, according to its author, only on a symbolic level is connected with the images of Greek mythology. Four saxophones symbolize four harlots whose voices come closer, then disappear into the distance.
Contra Spem Spero in memoriam Lesia Ukrainka by Ukrainian composer and conductor Volodymyr Runchak is always performed in "Contrasts" and this time it finishes the concert. Two parts of the composition require high performance skills -- from soprano saxophone solo at the beginning, mystical dissonances to the virtuoso passages of the second part, which sounds like a crazy dance.